Eye problems have become common. Sometimes they are minor and disappear on their own or through simple home treatment. Other times, they may require a specialist's attention.
Most people adopt a wait-and-see attitude when it comes to eye problems. Noticing these signs early enough and seeing your eye doctor is crucial to the successful outcome of the treatment. The sooner, the better. An eye test can detect a myriad of eye problems.
Here are three common eye problems and their probable causes.
This is when you are unable to see items that are up close or far away. So, what could be the problem? Usually, your cornea, eyeball, and lens should be shaped just right to allow light rays to refract and enter your retina and into the brain. When this doesn't happen, vision blurs occur.
This condition is called refractive errors and includes:
Myopia (nearsightedness): Light rays land in front of the retina rather than directly on the retina
Hyperopia (farsightedness): Light rays overextend on your retina
Astigmatism: Light bends unevenly on the surface of your retina
Presbyopia: Light rays go too far on the retina, making close-up work like reading, writing, or driving a challenge
You see things through a mist. Sometimes you can't see in a brightly lit environment and may also experience double vision.
For your normal vision, light passes across a clear lens in your eye. The work of the lens is to focus the light rays so that your eye and brain can work in unison to work out information into an image.
Cataracts often cloud the lens, making it impossible for your eye to focus light correctly. As a result, your vision becomes cloudy, and your eyes get increasingly sensitive to light.
Apart from natural aging, other causes of cataracts include:
High ultraviolet light exposure
Picture yourself looking straight through a keyhole. You can see up, down, left, right, and as far as possible through it.
Now visualize that keyhole getting smaller and smaller, increasingly limiting your field of view. It allows you to see straight in front of you, but not up, down, and around. It feels as if you're peeping through a tunnel. This is what peripheral loss of vision feels like.
Glaucoma is a leading cause of loss of side vision. It is a condition that occurs when eye pressure builds up excessively inside the retina. This inflicts damage to the optic nerve, leading to tunnel vision.
You should test for glaucoma, especially if you use steroid medications or have a family history related to this condition.
A routine visit to your eye doctor is the best way to guarantee healthy vision from birth to old age. At Kennedy Vision Health Center, we use Optos Optomap camera to give you a comprehensive digital retinal evaluation.
To learn more about common eye problems or to schedule an eye exam today, contact Kennedy Vision Health Center at our offices in Plymouth and Elk River, Minnesota by calling 763-296-2600 or 763-296-2700, respectively.